THERE has been concerns raised over number of cancer cases reported at the Angau Memorial Hospital, says a cancer specialist.
New Angau Memorial Hospital chief oncologist Deepak Raj Ghimire told the Post-Courier that 30 per cent of cancer cases could be prevented if they were diagnosed at an early stage.
He said that it was vital for every Papua New Guinean to note the warning signs of cancer so that the disease gets treated quickly.
Dr Ghimire explained that studies from the World Cancer Foundation had predicted that cancer would be the highest killer disease by year 2020.
The awareness is to broaden the knowledge of the people to know about how this disease could harm the human body and eventually kill a person, he said.
The common symptoms that could lead to any form of cancer were:
White patches inside the mouth or white spots on the tongue that may be leukoplakia (a pre-cancerous area often caused by chewing betelnut, smoking or other tobacco use);
Sores (ulcer) that do not heal for example a long-lasting sore in the mouth could be oral cancer;
Unusual bleeding or discharge means coughing up blood may be a sign of lung cancer while blood in the stool could be a sign of colon or rectal cancer;
Unexplained weight loss and fatigue;
Fever is one of the common symptoms which often happen after cancer has spread and also it can be an early sign in blood cancers like leukaemia or lymphoma;
Pain can be an early stage for bone cancers and if experiencing a headache which does not get better with treatment may be a symptom of a brain tumour; and
Thickening or lump in the breast or other parts of the body.
Dr Ghimire said the signs and symptoms listed above are few of the many common ones where people often face.
He said that if a person notices any disturbing change on their body for a greater period of time, they should consult a doctor to seek treatment at an early stage.