Adolescents need good mental health to know-how normal emotional and mental development, to grow their potential, to have satisfying dealings with other people and to deal with the tests of everyday life.
The majority of adolescents know-how normal emotional and mental development and they have a good sense of well-being.
Unfortunately, adolescents can and do develop mental health problems and disorder that are more than just the “ups and downs” of what is well-thought-out “normal”.
Any adolescent from any family background can be at risk.
Nevertheless, some groups of adolescents especially those living in poverty, exposed to violence or abuse go through rapid social change, or strong pressure to shine in education, are at higher risk of suffering mental health problems or mental disorders.
These problem and disorders disrupt the psychological, educational and social development of adolescents.
Common mental disorders among adolescents include depression, anxiety and substance abuse.
Psychosis and eating disorders are also disorders that affect adolescents.
Sadly, often such problems are not recognised and/or treated, leading to a negative impact on health, as well as economic and social costs.
We must be aware of mental health issues such as suicide.
Globally, each year, at least 100, 000 adolescents commit suicide, with another four million making unsuccessful attempts.
Suicide among adolescents is a growing concern in Australia, China, New Zealand and the Pacific island countries.
There is evidence that adequate prevention and treatment of depression, alcohol and substance abuse can reduce suicide rates.
Mental health promotion has the potential to repair the overall development of adolescents,
including reducing the impact of risk factors for mental health disorders.
Problems associated with mental problems and disorders:
POOR physical health;
RISKY sexual behaviour;
RISKY behaviour (unsafe sex, hazardous/drunk driving etc.)
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