5. Reduce Alcohol Intake –
If you choose to drink alcohol, do so only in moderation. The risk of various types of cancer and other health complications increases with the amount of alcohol you drink and the length of time you've been drinking regularly. The occasional drink isn't much of a problem for most people. But drinking too much, too often can lead to long-term complications.
The U.S. Centres for Disease Control and Prevention mentions these potential problems associated with long-term alcohol abuse:
- Increased risk of high blood pressure, heart disease, and stroke, as well as liver disease and digestive problems.
- Increased cancer risk, particularly those of the colon, throat, breast, mouth, oesophagus and liver.
- Increased risk of problems affecting memory and learning.
- Increases risk of depression and anxiety.
- Increased risk of problems with social relationships, family, and occupation.
TIP - If you feel unable to drink responsibly or drink alcohol in moderation, it is important for you to seek outside advice, talk to your doctor.
6. Give Up Smoking -
It's never too late to quit smoking, and there are many benefits to be gained no matter what age you are when you give up. Using tobacco puts you on a collision course with cancer. Even if you don't use tobacco, exposure to secondhand smoke may increase your risk of lung cancer. Tobacco smoke is made up of thousands of chemicals, and many of them are very harmful.
The Poisons in tobacco smoke:
Carbon Monoxide - Fatal in large doses, this poisonous gas, is also found in car exhaust fumes. It takes the place of oxygen in your blood, starving your lungs, heart, and other organs of the oxygen they need to function properly.
Tar - This sticky brown substance coats your lungs like soot in a chimney. Tar and smoke irritate your lungs, increasing the amount of mucus in your chest and restricting your breathing.
Long-term smokers are at a higher risk of developing a range of potentially deadly diseases including:
Cancer - of the lungs, mouth, nose, throat, oesophagus, pancreas, kidney, liver, bladder, bowel, ovary, cervix, bone marrow, and stomach.
Lung Diseases - Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) which includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema.
Heart Disease - such as heart attack and stroke.
Poor Blood Circulation - in feet and hands, which can lead to pain and, in severe cases, gangrene and amputation.
TIP - If you need help quitting smoking ask your doctor about stop-smoking products and other strategies for quitting. Don’t give up!
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